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    • 教员工如何当一个孩子或回应colleague is injured.
    • Assist during emergencies when a child is injured.
    • Ensure staff training requirements and requirements for first-aid kits are met.



    It is very important that you take a course in first-aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This lesson does not replace that course. This lesson only provides a brief introduction to keeping children safe when they are injured.


    Collect each staff member’s responses to their Explore activities. Compare their responses to the suggested answers. Discuss any differences with them. Use what you learn to shape training for the staff member.

    Discuss the staff members’ first aid and CPR certifications. If they are not yet certified, make a plan for achieving and maintaining certification.

    Make sure staff members follow procedures in the rest of this course to prevent injuries. Make sure dangerous and toxic items are out of children’s reach. In the event of emergencies, make sure staff members:

    Prevent injuries:Follow procedures outlined in other lessons in this course. Make sure dangerous and toxic items are out of children's reach.

    Are prepared:Have a well-stocked first-aid kit. Make sure your first-aid and CPR training are always current.

    Respond quickly:Use what they learned in their first-aid courses.

    • Stay calm.
    • Survey the scene.Look around and find out what is wrong. Decide whether it is safe to approach. Ask questions and examine the child head-to-toe for injuries.
    • Take action.Decide whether injuries are life threatening: Is the child conscious? Is the child breathing? If the child is not breathing, perform CPR as needed. If the injury is not life threatening, check the child head-to-toe. Look for all injuries. Ask the child questions and continue to check breathing and heart rate. Perform any basic first-aid that is needed. Do not move the child unless his or her life is at risk.
    • Make the calls.Decide whether to call 911 or local EMS. Call the child's family.
    • Ride along.Be prepared to ride with the child in the ambulance. Know what documents and contact information you need to bring with you.
    • Document.Report the injury using the forms provided by your workplace (and required by your state or program). Make sure the family also signs the incident report.


    As a trainer and coach, you will likely need to assist in an emergency. Be prepared to assist with first aid and CPR. You must have current training. You should also be prepared to help supervise other children, provide coverage if a staff member rides in an ambulance, or contact families as needed.


    Staff members have differing comfort levels with injuries and illnesses. Regardless of their comfort, it is critical that staff members are able to keep children safe during serious situations. Watch to see how staff members respond in stressful situations. Do they remain calm? Are first-aid kits available at all times? Are first-aid kits well stocked? Are emergency medications stored in designated locations? Do staff members remember to use safety precautions when handling blood or other body fluids?



    It is important to think about what you would do during stressful situations. Print theResponding to Injuries Activity. Complete the answers and talk about them with a coworker. Then, compare your answers to the suggested responses.



    Make sure you are prepared for injuries and other emergencies. Print this form and use it to make sure the program first-aid kit is well stocked.




    Which of the following isnota life-threatening situation?


    Which of the followingdoes notrequire calling 911 (or the local emergency medical service outside the United States)?


    Which one of these statements is true?

    References & Resources:

    American Academy Of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education (2011).Caring for Our Children: National health and safety performance standards; Guidelines for early care and education programs. 3rd edition.Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; Washington, DC: American Public Health Association. Also available at

    American Red Cross.

    National Association for the Education of Young Children (2007).NAEYC Early Childhood Program Standards and Accreditation Criteria.Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.